Developers: What are the different types and their qualities?

There are many different types of Developers and it can sometimes be difficult to figure out which Developer does what exactly. The more experience a Developer has, the more they have similar, if not the same, skills as other Developers. However, there are certain skills that will not allow a Developer to do every task at hand. For example, a Mobile Developer knows the same tools as a Game Developer, but will not be able to perfectly perform the tasks of a Game Developer. Below is a brief impression of the types of Developers that exist and what they can do within a project or organisation.
First of all, the Front-End Developer, also called Front-end Web Developer. They are responsible for how the website looks and makes the first impression. They work on the creation of web apps and other parts of the website such as the layout. The challenge in Front-End Development is that the tools and technologies used to create the website are constantly changing and the Developer must constantly evolve. The goal of designing a site is to ensure that when the users open it, they see the information immediately and that it is easy to read and obviously relevant. The skills of a Front-End Developer include designing user interfaces (UI), designing user experience (UX), CSS, JavaScript, HTML, UI Frameworks.
So what makes up the ‘Front-End’ of a website? Where is all that data stored? This is where the Back-end Developer comes in. The back-end of a website consists of a server, an application and a database. A Back-End Developer builds and maintains these systems. In order for the server, application and database to communicate well with each other, Back-End Developers use languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python, Java and .Net. In addition, they use tools such as MySQL, Oracle and SQL Server to find, store or change data.
Full-Stack Developers are experts in both the Front-End and the Back-End; in other words, the entire technology that makes up a website. They have the skills needed to create a fully functioning website. They are proficient in both Front-End and Back-End programming languages and frameworks, as well as in server, network and hosting environments. To achieve this breadth and depth of knowledge, most Full-Stack Developers will have worked for years in a variety of roles. The skills of a Full-Stack Developer consist of a combination of a Front-End and a Back-End Developer. A Full-Stack Developer is able to configure Linux-servers write server-side APIs, design client-side JavaScript for an application and CSS.
Mobile Developers write code for applications that run on mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones. Mobile Developers only started to become popular after the emergence of mobile devices in the 2000s and the growth of the smartphone market. A Mobile Developer understands mobile operating systems like iOS and Android and the environment and frameworks used to create software on these systems. Because Mobile Development is very young and dynamic, Mobile Developers must always be on the lookout for new technologies.
To understand how far Mobile Development has come in the past decade, you only have to look at the first version of the Android operating system, which was released on 23 September 2008 and compare it to the most recent version. Huge differences can be seen in both ease of use and how it looks. Mobile Developers are proficient in JavaSwift, Objective-C, Application Programming Interfaces and Web Development languages such as HTML and CSS.
With the rising popularity of Gaming you see an enormous growth in the number of Game Developers. The job of a Game Developer is very demanding and complicated. Game Developers specialise in writing games and have specific knowledge and skills in designing engaging interactive game experiences. Game Developers use frameworks such as DirectX, OpenGL, Unity 3D, WebGL and programming languages such as C, C++ and Java. On mobile devices, Swift and Java are used for iOS and Androidgames.
A DevOps Developer works with technologies that can build, implement, integrate systems and manage Back-End Software. To simplify the definition, a DevOps Developer is someone who creates applications and an Ops is someone who implements and controls the applications. So the DevOps Developer can create applications and implement and monitor them. A DevOps Developer uses Kubernetes, Docker, Apache Mesos, Jenkins C.I. and the HashiCorp stack.
A Software Developer plays a key role in identifying, designing, installing and testing a software system built from the ground up for a business. They create these to ensure that processes run as expected. The skills needed by a software developer are programming languages such as JavaScript, C ++, Ruby, C # and .Net to name but a few. These types of Developers are also comfortable writing and analysing queries and working with different frameworks.
Web Developers are Software Developers who specialise in designing websites. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, websites were much simpler than they are today, consisting of little more than formatted text and images. Over the years, websites have become so complex that we now refer to them as web applications to describe how similar they are to desktop and mobile applications. While HTML and CSS knowledge is still required, Web Developers must also be proficient in JavaScript, PHP, databases, web design, user experience design and SEO. When developing larger and more complex websites, Web Developers usually divide their roles between the Front-End and the Back-End.
Security Developers specialise in creating systems, methods and procedures to test the security of software systems and fix security flaws. They use various tools to complete their work, such as the scripting languages Python and Ruby. They also use coding languages such as C and C++ to read and understand operating systems. The goal of their work is to ethically hack systems to discover and fix their vulnerabilities. By doing so, they prevent possible intrusions and ensure the optimal protection of the company’s data and information.
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